The human musculoskeletal system is made up of bones, ligaments, cartilage, and muscles that are prone to the risk of injuries. Every individual will experience joint or muscle pain at least once during their lifespan. Any damage or trauma to the musculoskeletal system can affect a person’s ability to do daily tasks with ease. Most of the chronic orthopedic problems require surgery to treat the underlying medical condition. Sacroiliac joint pain is a condition that causes severe pain in the lower back and buttock.
Stem cell & blood platelet treatment for sacroiliac joint dysfunction is an advanced non-surgical treatment option to relieve pain in the joints. Regenerative therapies are currently used as the cutting-edge treatment option for a broad range of musculoskeletal conditions.
Sacroiliac joint, also termed as SI joint is the structure that connects the sacrum (the part below the fifth lumbar vertebrae) and ilium (the uppermost portion of the pelvis). Sacroiliac joint pain is difficult to diagnose as the symptoms resemble with other orthopedic conditions.
Sacroiliac joint pain can occur due to a traumatic injury, such as a vehicle accident or sudden fall can cause damage to the sacroiliac joint. Also, arthritis (osteoarthritis to the sacroiliac joint), inflammatory conditions and infection can affect the spine. The sacroiliac joint stretches during pregnancy to accommodate the growing fetus and weight gain during pregnancy imparts additional stress to the sacroiliac joints, thereby resulting in an abnormal tear.
Sacroiliac joint pain causes pain in the lower back, which becomes more while moving from a sitting to standing position. It causes pain and discomfort in the hip, groin, thigh, buttocks, and pelvis. People with sacroiliac joint condition weakness in the muscles around the joint.
The doctor will recommend an X-ray scan or MRI scan to evaluate the structural damage occurred to the sacroiliac joint. X-ray scan only reveals the signs of damage, whereas, MRI scan enables to view the cross-sectional images of the bone and soft tissues.
Treatment for Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
The treatment for the sacroiliac joint depends upon the severity of the condition. The doctor would prescribe pain relievers and muscle relaxants for temporary relief from SI joint pain. However, alleviating the symptoms will not treat the underlying condition. When the non-operative methods fail to treat the condition, surgery would be done to fuse two bones and relieve the SI joint pain. Surgical intervention for SI joint pain needs prolonged periods of recovery and rehabilitation. Also, surgery will result in blood loss and would increase the chances of post-procedure complications like infections.
SI Joint pain treatment with regenerative therapies
Regenerative medicine deals with the treatment of various medical conditions by the process of replacing the damaged tissue and regenerating body cells without the need for surgery. Stem cell therapy and super concentrated platelet (SCP) therapy are the most effective advanced minimally-invasive treatments to address sacroiliac joint pain.
Stem Cell Therapy for SI Joint Dysfunction
The use of autologous cells that are harvested from the patient’s body can encourage healing and help to avoid surgical treatment for SI joint pain relief. Stem cell therapy for sacroiliac joint pain is an effective alternative orthopedic treatment option to avoid steroid injections and invasive surgery. SI Joint Pain Treatment with stem cells enables the body’s natural healing mechanism to repair the damage caused to the sacroiliac joint structure.
The stem cells harvested from the patient’s body are processed in the laboratory before they are re-infused into the affected SI joint. Depending upon the extent of damage and severity of the condition, customized concentration of stem cell injections are prepared for the treatment. The stem cells are then precisely injected into the affected joint with the help of image-guided techniques, such as high-frequency X-ray fluoroscopy and ultrasound.
Super concentrated platelet (SCP) therapy for sacroiliac joint dysfunction
Super concentrate platelets (SCP) therapy for SI joint dysfunction delivers a high concentration of the blood platelets into the affected joint. A sample of blood is drawn from the patient’s body and processed to separate the platelets from the blood. The separated platelets are processed to obtain a higher concentration of blood platelets to make their use in the treatment process.
The concentrated SCP injections are administered around the injured or damaged site to enhance the body’s natural healing power. The plasma used in the procedure is free from RBC and WBC cells. Apart from reducing the SI joint pain, SCP therapy repairs the injured tissue and aids in new tissue regeneration. In some instances, a SCP shot is given in combination with stem cell therapy to stimulate the release of growth factors that are needed to regenerate the tissue.
Frequently asked questions (FAQs)
How are autologous stem cells for SI joint pain treatment helpful?
The use of autologous stem cells or own biological cells from the patient is a major benefit as it does not carry any chances of rejection and contamination since the cells are not taken from the donor. The stem cells trigger the body’s natural mechanism, thereby helping to relieve the SI joint pain and healing the condition.
Does stem cell therapy for sacroiliac joint pain carry any complications?
Stem cell therapy is a highly safe and effective non-surgical treatment option with any side effects or complications from the procedure. Stem cell therapy effectively heals the condition by repairing damaged SI joints and by regenerating healthy tissue.
How long do we need to wait to get back to work after regenerative treatment?
Both stem cell therapy & super concentrated platelets (SCP) therapy are the same-day, outpatient procedure where a patient does not require a hospital stay. The pain resulting from the stem cells and SCP injections is addressed by over-the-counter pain relievers. After receiving stem cell injection or SCP injection, the patient can typically get back to work within 2 to 3 days after the treatment.
What care should be taken after stem cell therapy for SI joints?
One should not skip physiotherapy exercises on a regular basis as it helps to increase the blood flow to the treated joint and enables faster healing of the damaged tissue. Also, consumption of nutritious food during the recovery and rehab period benefits the healing of the damaged tissue. After receiving stem cell therapy or SCP therapy, no stress or pressure should be imposed on the treated area for at least a few weeks after the treatment.