The human shoulder is a ball and socket joint that provides a tremendous range of motion in the upper extremities, i.e., the upper limbs. Due to the extreme movement of the shoulder in 360-degree, or any pressure on the shoulder joint can result in an injury. Shoulder injuries happen when the fibrous tissue that surrounds the shoulder joints gets torn or stretched. Sudden falls and sports injuries are the major causes of shoulder injuries, such as rotator cuff tears.
Conventional treatments for rotator cuff tear provide symptomatic relief and might not treat the underlying condition. Stem cell therapy for torn rotator cuffs is an advanced orthopedic therapy that does not require surgery for a rotator cuff tear. It is a non-surgical, minimally invasive therapy that utilizes the patient’s own biological cells for the treatment. The use of stem cells for rotator cuff tear enhances the body’s natural healing ability in treating the condition.
Stem cell therapy for shoulder tear is an ideal treatment option to avoid surgery. Stem cells for torn rotator cuffs enhance the body’s natural repair mechanism from within and treat the condition without the need for surgery. The patient’s autologous stem cells are utilized to renew the injured part of the shoulder and promote the growth of new cells.
Role of stem cells in orthopedic therapy
Stem cells are specialized cells in the human body that can develop into different cell types accordingly. Depending on the part of the injury or damage, stem cells can develop into a tendon, cartilage, bone and muscle. Stem cells that are collected from the bone marrow are processed in the laboratory to make them available for further clinical use. The use of stem cells in orthopedics practices has become a novel treatment option, which can help to avoid joint replacement surgery.
Stem cell treatment for shoulder rotator cuffs heals the tendon tears without surgery. Rotator cuff stem cell repair is a minimally-invasive, same-day outpatient procedure that does not require hospitalization. The process involves injecting the customized concentrations of stem cells into the damaged tendon in the shoulder. The concentrated stem cells are injected into the damaged area with the help of precise image-guided techniques, such as fluoroscopy and ultrasound. The injected stem cells release the growth factors and aid in repair of the damaged tissue. Apart from regenerating healthy tissue, stem cells restore the health of the surrounding tissue.
Stem cell treatment for torn rotator cuff
The rotator cuff is a name used to address a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint. A rotator cuff tear occurs in the tissues around the shoulder joint. As the damage progresses, lifting a heavy object can result in a complete tendon tear.
Rotator cuff tears can occur due to a sudden accidental fall or due to the overuse of the shoulder. It is commonly seen in people who are involved in activities that result in repeated shoulder movements. The rotator cuff tears affect the tendon and limit the range of motion. The weakness resulting from the rotator cuff tear causes extreme difficulty in lifting an object.
Degenerative or chronic rotator cuff tears can occur due to repetitive stress on the rotator cuff muscles and tendons. People involved in sports activities, such as tennis, baseball, rowing, and weightlifting are at an increased risk for a torn rotator cuff. Also, lack of blood supply to the rotator cuff tendons can reduce the body’s natural ability to heal the damaged or injured tendon.
Rotator cuff tears can also occur due to the development of the bony spurs. Aging contributes to the growth of bony spurs, which rub on the rotator cuff tendon. This can weaken the tendon and cause a tear. Also, rotator cuff injuries can occur in people whose profession involves repeated overhead motions. Apart from sportspersons, painters and carpenters are at risk of developing rotator cuff problems.
Conventional treatments for rotator cuff tears provide symptomatic relief and might not heal the condition completely. They include pain medications, anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroid injections. If the condition is chronic or has worsened, surgery is done for tendon repair. Stem cell therapy for torn rotator cuffs is an ideal treatment option to avoid elective surgery.
PRP treatment for shoulder rotator cuff tear
The treatment of rotator cuff tear with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy reduces pain in the shoulder and treats the damaged tendon. Apart from aiding the process of blood clotting, platelets contain growth factors that promote healing of the damaged tissue in the body. The thrombin activation stimulates the release of the growth factors and initiates the healing response at the injured site.
In some cases, stem cell treatment is followed by PRP therapy to trigger the release of more growth factors that are essential for healing the injury. The plasma collected from the patient’s body is centrifuged in the laboratory to obtain a customized concentrate of the platelets for further clinical use. The concentration of the platelets used in the treatment is 5 to 10 times more than the regular ones. Depending on the extent of damage or injury, some people might require a second set of PRP injections after a few weeks of the initial treatment.
The recovery from stem cell therapy is quite soon and one can return to the normal routines within a few days of the treatment. After receiving the stem cell therapy or PRP injection for a torn rotator cuff, the doctor will recommend physiotherapy exercises. These physical exercises enable a smooth flow of blood to the treated area and aid in quick healing from the damage. Also, physical exercises improve flexibility and strength in the muscles surrounding the affected joint.
Patients can typically return to their normal activities after the procedure. However, one should not perform any strenuous activities that impose pressure on the treated area. Stem cell therapy for torn rotator cuff does not require lengthy rehabilitation periods to restore the mobility and range of motions in the treated joint.
Frequently asked questions (FAQ’s)
What are the symptoms of a rotator cuff tear?
Rotator cuff tears cause intense pain and weakness in the upper arm. It might also cause pain in the shoulder when one tries to lift or raise the arm. Some of the common symptoms noticed are pain that worsens while resting or lying on the affected shoulder, pain in the lower arm with specific movements, weakness while trying to rotate or lift the arm. Also, one might experience a crackling sensation while moving the arm in specific directions.
Is shoulder stem cell therapy safe?
Stem cell treatment for shoulder problems is a novel orthopedic therapy that utilizes autologous stem cells for the treatment. Stem cell therapy for shoulder can address shoulder arthritis, shoulder pain, and rotator cuff tear without the need for surgery. Stem cell treatments are highly safe procedures that do not result in any adverse effects nor risk of complications. The rejection of the treatment is zero since the cells utilized in the treatment are collected from the patient’s body.
Does stem cell injections work for torn rotator cuffs?
Stem cell injections are made from the bone-marrow derived stem cells of the patient. The stem cell injections are the customized concentrations of the stem cells, which are further injected into the damaged area of the shoulder. Stem cells, when injected into the shoulder joint, differentiate into specialized cells to renew the injured shoulder. They increase the blood flow in the affected area and release growth factors that are essential to repair and regenerate healthy tissue.
Is it possible to prevent rotator cuff injuries?
It is ideal to practice shoulder strengthening exercises every day. This helps to prevent the risk of shoulder rotator cuff tear. To optimize shoulder muscle balance, one needs to involve the shoulder muscles, upper arm and front muscles of the chest while exercising. However, age-related degenerative conditions that result in shoulder tendon tear cannot be prevented and would require immediate medical attention to treat them.
Does stem cell therapy work for shoulder pain?
Stem cells are the naturally occurring specialized cells in the human body that repair the damaged tissue and relieve pain. Shoulder pain can occur due to an underlying condition, such as arthritis, torn rotator cuff or tendonitis, and labral tears. Stem cells that are obtained from the bone marrow activate new cells that the body requires to heal itself. Stem cell procedure for shoulder pain reduces the inflammation at the injured area and heals the damaged tissue, thereby aiding in reducing the shoulder pain.