Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition that affects millions of people across the world. It occurs due to the wear down of the protective cartilage that cushions the bones. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition that can decrease the ability to move. Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the knee joint is the most commonly affected one. Knee problems cause extreme difficulty in standing for a longer duration, walking, and moving around.
Regenerative therapies have currently become a novel treatment option for the non-surgical treatment of osteoarthritis. Stem cell therapy for knee osteoarthritis repairs the damaged knee cartilage and regenerates a healthy tissue. It is an advanced non-surgical orthopedic therapy that involves the use of autologous stem cells and blood platelets. Regenerative cell therapy for osteoarthritis enhances the body’s natural healing ability from within.
What causes Knee osteoarthritis?
Aging is one of the most common causes of knee osteoarthritis. This is due to the decrease in the self-ability to heal the damaged cartilage. However, there are several other causes and risk factors that can develop osteoarthritis of the knee. Being overweight, repetitive stress injuries to the knee, lack of muscular strength, heredity, or an infection are some of the common causes and risk factors of developing osteoarthritis.
Also, people with specific metabolic disorders, such as excessive growth hormone or iron overload, are at a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis. Athletes involved in sports, such as long-distance running, soccer, or tennis have high chances of developing osteoarthritis of the knee.
Some of the most commonly observed clinical symptoms of knee osteoarthritis are severe knee pain that worsens with the movement, swelling and stiffness around the knee joint, and worsening of the pain while in a prolonged resting phase.
Stem cell therapy for joints
Conventional treatments for knee joints, such as pain medications, anti-inflammatory medicines, physical therapy, and occupational therapy, provide symptomatic relief. Also, corticosteroid injections and hyaluronic injections may only reduce the pain in the knee joints. Apart from the previously mentioned treatment options, surgical intervention like realigning of the bones and joint replacement surgery might involve certain post-surgical risks, such as infections and blood clots.
Stem cell therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee is a non-surgical procedure that enables a faster recovery than any other traditional orthopedic therapy. Stem cell procedures do not involve any risk of adverse effects nor complications after the procedure. Mesenchymal stem cell therapy for knee joints repairs the damaged knee cartilage and avoids the need for surgery.
India is one of the developing nations in the world that is providing various new medical advancements to the people over the past two decades. Stem cell therapy for knee problems in one such advanced non-surgical treatment option that utilizes one’s own stem cells in the treatment of a knee condition. There are certain advanced regenerative clinics that are providing stem cell therapy for knee osteoarthritis in India.
Stem cell therapy for knee pain
Knee pain is a common orthopedic complaint often heard by an orthopedic physician. It can affect the people of all age groups and is often associated with an underlying medical condition. Sprains or strains, ruptured ligament or torn cartilage, and arthritis are some of the common reasons for knee pain.
Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common reasons that cause severe pain in the knee. Most of the people opt for conservative treatment methods to relieve knee pain. Conventional treatments that include the use of medications and physical therapy do not resolve the underlying problem.
Stem cell therapy for knee pain is an advanced non-surgical treatment option that reduces pain and inflammation in the knee. In the case of knee osteoarthritis, stem cells repair the damaged knee cartilage, thereby reducing the pain and inflammation resulting from it.
Stem cell and PRP procedures over traditional surgeries
Stem cell therapy and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) procedures for knee osteoarthritis are promising treatment solutions that have been popularized over the past few years. Many researchers have proven the ability of stem cells to repair the damaged knee cartilage and regain mobility in the knees. Treatment with stem cells can grow different cell types in the body by enhancing the body’s natural ability in treating a health condition.
The process of stem cell therapy is quite simple and fast and does not require a hospital stay. Stem cell injections to the knee joints subside the pain in the knee and regenerate healthy cartilage tissue. Mesenchymal stem cells can develop into different cell types, such as bone, muscle, and cartilage.
Platelet injections are helpful to treat initial stages of the knee osteoarthritis, where the damage to the knee cartilage is minimal. Along with initiating the process of blood clotting during an injury, platelets contain growth factors that stimulate the regrowth of the cartilage tissue. The plasma drawn from the patient’s body is centrifuged to obtain a platelet-rich concentrate, which is further injected into the damaged site of the knee. In some cases, stem cell therapy is followed by PRP injection to release the required growth factors that are essential for cartilage regeneration.
Frequently asked questions (FAQs)
Is stem cell treatment for osteoarthritis in knee safe?
Stem cells are the unique cells in the human body that have an ability to differentiate into various cell types in the body. Stem cell treatment for osteoarthritis in the knee involves stem cell injections prepared from the autologous stem cells of the patient. Stem cell therapy for knee osteoarthritis is highly safe and does not result in any side effects nor post-treatment complications. Since the stem cells are harvested from the patient’s bone marrow, the treatment does not even involve a risk of rejection.
What are the signs of osteoarthritis of the knee?
Osteoarthritis can be identified with certain common symptoms, such as increased pain while being active, swelling and warmth around the knee joint, stiffness in the knee, and crackling sound in the knee while moving. The symptoms of osteoarthritis can be quite bothersome and hinder the daily activities to a greater extent.
Can X-ray examination reveal knee osteoarthritis?
An X-ray can reveal the cartilage loss by the presence of narrowed space between the bones in the knee joint. A detailed image of soft tissues cannot be viewed in an X-ray scan. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can help in the exact diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis and provides precise information, even in complex cases.
How long does it take to resume work after stem cell therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee?
Stem cell therapy for the knee is an advanced non-surgical orthopedic therapy that does not involve an incision on your skin. The procedures are needle-based therapies where a person can get back to their routines within a few days of the treatment. However, one should take extreme care while moving around and limit their movement for initial few days to avoid stress on the knee joints. Also, it is necessary to do regular physiotherapy exercises as it helps to regain the strength, function, and mobility in the knee joints.