The human musculoskeletal system is made up of muscles, bones, joints, tendons, cartilage, and connective tissue that provide support to the body. Also, the skeletal system serves as the protection to the body organs. The skeletal system of our body provides motion and allows us to perform our regular tasks. Almost every individual will experience an ortho-related health issue at least once in their lifetime, which makes them visit an orthopedic doctor.
Orthopedic treatment involves the correction, treatment, and prevention of musculoskeletal deformities. The treatment of orthopedic conditions involves restoring the health of muscles, bones, joints, ligaments, and bones. Orthopedic treatments aim to reduce pain, restore mobility, and prevent further damage to the joint structure.
Regenerative medicine is a buzzing word in the field of orthopedics that deals with the non-surgical treatment approach for various orthopedic conditions. With the increase in the awareness of regenerative therapies over the past two decades, there are quite a good number of orthopedic specialists who are getting trained with regenerative non-surgical therapies. This paved way to the establishment of regenerative orthopedic clinics to provide treatment for joint problems.
What is regenerative medicine?
Medical field often finds it challenging to find a practical approach and a solution to the health problems faced by humankind. Regenerative medicine is one such approach that helps the human body to heal better and accelerate tissue regeneration. Regenerative medicine involves the treatment of a health condition by enhancing your body’s ability to heal the injury from within. Regenerative therapies can repair and replace the damaged tissue, which is affected either by age, injury, disease, or trauma. The body’s innate healing is enhanced to regain the health of the tissue, both structurally and functionally.
Regenerative treatments have grown out to be ideal by replacing the need for surgery and implants with a non-surgical remedy. The regenerative industry is utilizing cellular therapy methods to treat major medical conditions in orthopedics, such as knee problems, back pain, ligament sprains and tears, and many other joint-related conditions that affect mobility.
Stem cell therapy and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapies are the widely used regenerative therapies in the field of orthopedics to enhance tissue regeneration non-surgically. As the cellular components are taken from the patient’s own body, one can eliminate the doubt of rejection of the treatment. The laboratory-customized stem cells and blood platelets can repair and replace the diseased or damaged tissue non-surgically.
Stem cell therapy in orthopedics
Orthopedics stem cell therapy is gaining huge attention over the past decade. It has become an effective treatment option for those who wish to avoid surgical intervention for orthopedic problems. Stem cell therapy for orthopedic conditions reduces inflammation, promotes healing of the damaged tissue, and regenerates a healthy new tissue.
Some of the common orthopedic issues that stem cell treatment can resolve are arthritis, ligament and tendon tears, back pain, spinal disc problems, as well as treatment and prevention of the sports injuries. Most of the conservative treatment approaches for arthritis provide symptomatic relief, where the symptoms might revert post-treatment. Also, surgical intervention might result in side effects and would require longer periods of time for recovery and rehabilitation.
Stem cell therapy for arthritis works effectively in replacing the diseased tissue and regenerating healthy tissue. Stem cell therapy procedure utilizes customized concentrations of stem cells to treat the joint condition. Customized stem cell injections are prepared from the stem cells harvested from the patient’s bone marrow. Stem cell therapies are not performed with the donated stem cells.
Understanding stem cells
Stem cells are the specialized cells in the human body that have an ability to differentiate into various cell types. They have the potential to build every tissue in the human body. The great potential of stem cells makes them essential in tissue repair and regeneration. Stem cells carry a great hope in regenerative medicine to treat chronic orthopedic conditions.
The therapeutic applications of stem cells have proven to treat patients with long-lasting symptoms associated with orthopedic conditions. The stem cells are drawn from the patient’s bone marrow and processed in the laboratory before their clinical use in orthopedic practice. Bone marrow stem cells have capacity to transform themselves into any target cell and hence repair the tissue.
Autologous blood platelets can enhance tissue regeneration
Platelets play a significant role in wound healing and tissue regeneration. There are various clinical researches that prove the potential of platelets in tissue regeneration. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is rich in growth factors that have a capacity to accelerate the ongoing repair and help in regenerating a tissue via multiple mechanisms.
The concentration of platelets is increased by the centrifugation process for further clinical use. The increased concentration of the growth factors that are injected into the injured area speed the healing process. PRP injections are highly beneficial in case of sports injuries where there are inflammation or tissue damage.
PRP injections are effective in the treatment of orthopedic and sports injuries, such as chronic tendon strains, ligament sprains and sprained knees. The platelet concentrates used in the treatment are nearly five to ten times greater than the usual plasma concentrate.
The knee joint is the largest and the most easily injured joints in the human body. Knee pain is the most usual complaint, especially among elderly individuals. Knee joint provides firm support to the lower body. Knee joint problems significantly affect a person’s ability to do routine tasks. The conventional treatment approach for knee problems, such as pain medications, corticosteroids injections, physical therapy, use of braces, and surgery might require long-term recovery and lengthy rehabilitation.
Stem cell treatments – A non-surgical treatment approach for knee problems
Some of the common knee conditions addressed by stem cell therapy are knee pain, knee osteoarthritis, meniscus injuries, and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. Stem cell injections for the knee enhance the body’s natural healing mechanism to repair the damaged or injured knee tissue and prevent the further deterioration of the knee cartilage tissue. Stem cell therapy repairs and regenerates healthy tissue in patients with knee pain conditions.
Stem cell treatment of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition that deteriorates the knee joint cartilage over time. This leads to the knee joint instability and might also cause damage to the bone present beneath the cartilage. Osteoarthritis knee treatment with stem cells is a promising non-surgical treatment approach to treat the damaged articular cartilage of the knee.
Stem cell therapy for knees is an effective alternative treatment for those who have arthritis. Stem cell treatment for arthritic damage helps to reduce the inflammation, control the progression of arthritic damage and repairs the knee joint cartilage. Thus, stem cell therapy can avoid the need for knee replacement surgery.
Stem cell therapy is sometimes supplemented with additional growth factors via platelet-rich plasma therapy for effective and faster results. The best properties from both the sources, i.e., stem cell therapy and PRP procedure reduce knee pain, inflammation, and maximize cartilage regeneration.
Knee stem cell therapy – An innate solution for knee replacement surgery
Osteoarthritis is the most common reason to opt for knee replacement surgery. Also, knee injury and loss of knee cartilage tissue can be the reason for knee replacement surgery. It is a major surgery and requires lengthy rehabilitation periods. Knee stem cell therapy is a superior non-surgical alternative to knee replacement surgery. Stem cell injections can regrow the cartilage tissue in the knee and improve the knee function.
Stem cell alternative to knee replacement surgery utilizes a concentrated form of bone marrow-derived stem cells. Until date, many people have found stem cell therapy as an effective alternative to knee replacement surgery with no complaints of adverse effects nor post-treatment complications.
The human elbow is a complex hinge joint that optimizes the function of the hand. The elbow or upper limb enables the movement of the forearm and wrist. It is formed by the three joints known as humerus, ulna, and radius. The soft tissues, such as cartilage, tendons, and ligaments that support the elbow joint sometimes undergo stress due to our routine activities.
In some cases, the damage caused to the soft tissue might cause severe pain in the elbow that restricts the hand movement. The Conservative treatment approach, such as pain medications and physical therapy, might not provide an ultimate solution to the elbow pain. Also, surgery during chronic conditions would require extended recovery and rehabilitation.
Stem cell therapy for elbow
Stem cell treatments are the advanced non-surgical procedures for the treatment of elbow pain and elbow conditions, such as arthritis, Golfer’s elbow and Tennis elbow. Repeated hand movements can result in elbow pain and can cause physical discomfort. Elbow pain can occur due to an underlying problem in the muscles, tendons, ligaments or in the joint capsule of the elbow.
Elbow injuries are common in sportspersons. Sports that involve repetitive hand movements, such as Tennis elbow and Golfer’s elbow can cause elbow injuries. Stem cell therapy is an advanced minimally invasive, non-surgical alternative for the treatment for elbow conditions.
SCP (Super concentrated platelets) /Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy – Tennis elbow and Golfer’s elbow
Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) is a condition that occurs due to the overuse of the elbow, primarily due to the use of racket while playing Tennis. It causes extreme pain and tenderness outside the elbow. Occasionally, the pain can radiate to the upper arm towards the shoulder or to the lower arm. The pain gets worsened while making an attempt to raise the hand or lift an object. Also, sportspersons face difficulty in holding a tens racket.
Underlying tendon and ligament injuries are the primary cause of elbow pain in the case of Tennis elbow. The treatment of Tennis elbow with platelet-rich plasma repairs the damaged tissue and enables the regrowth of healthy tissue.
Golfer’s elbow (medial epicondylitis) is a painful condition that affects the tendons on the inner side of the elbow. Although named Golfer’s elbow, this condition is not limited to those who play Golf. The pain resulting from Golfer’s elbow can be worse with certain hand movements in a particular direction. It causes weakness and stiffness in hand and limits hand movements due to the pain.
PRP procedure for Golfer’s elbow is a minimally invasive, non-surgical treatment option where concentrated blood plasma is injected into the site of damage or injury. Platelets contain growth factors that enhance tissue regeneration process effectively. During the process, the blood plasma collected from the patient is centrifuged in the laboratory to obtain a concentrated plasma that contains more number of platelets. The proteins or the growth factors present in the blood platelets speed up the self-healing process in the body.
Autologous stem cells for the treatment of Elbow Arthritis
Elbow arthritis is a painful condition that disables the movement of the hand. The severe pain and stiffness that occurs due to arthritis makes it difficult to bend and stretch the hand to an extent. Stem cell therapy is an effective non-surgical protocol that employs autologous biological stem cells to heal the damaged tissue.
The stem cells have a unique property of differentiating into different cell types in the body accordingly. The use of concentrated stem cells harvested from the patient’s bone marrow enhances the body’ natural healing process. Stem cell therapy for arthritis of the elbow is a same-day outpatient procedure that provides faster recovery from the elbow pain. Stem cell treatment and PRP treatment should be followed by a few weeks of physiotherapy to minimize the stress in the elbow joint and enable free hand movement.
Regenerative treatments to address shoulder problems
Our shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint that has a tremendous range of motion. Shoulder instability occurs due to the problems in tendons, ligaments, or in the rotator cuff muscles. Any strong external force can dislocate the structures within the shoulder, which result in extreme pain and disability. Shoulder pain causes popping sensation and decreased range of motion, thereby affecting the regular work.
Regular modes of treatment, such as pain medicines, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical therapy, might not serve the purpose to a maximum extent other than providing temporary pain relief. Also, chronic conditions would require surgery that often needs extended periods of recovery and rehab.
The most commonly addressed shoulder problems with the help of stem cell therapy are rotator cuff tears, shoulder arthritis, and other shoulder injuries, which include torn ligaments and tendon tears.
Autologous stem cells to address shoulder pain
Stem cell therapy for shoulder pain is an effective treatment option to avoid surgery. The use of bone-marrow-derived stem cells has been proved to regenerate the damaged tissue in the body. Some of the common reasons for shoulder pain could be rotator cuff tears, osteoarthritis of the shoulder, labral tears, and acromioclavicular (AC) joint separation.
Stem cell treatments help to avoid surgery for a torn shoulder labrum. The stem cells drawn from the bone marrow are known to have regenerative properties which differentiate into any kind of cell types in the body.
Stem cell therapy for shoulder injuries
Shoulder injuries happen when there is a stretch or tear in the fibrous tissue between the shoulder joints. They often result in pain and reduced range of motion. Shoulder injuries left unaddressed can become chronic over time. Surgical intervention of shoulder injuries requires a hospital stay and prolonged periods of recovery and rehabilitation.
Stem cells work efficiently in the treatment of shoulder injuries. Stem cell treatments enhance the body’s natural healing mechanism via stem cell injections. Stem cells are drawn from the bone marrow and concentrated in the laboratory for further clinical usage. Such concentrated and customized stem cells are injected at the site of injury with the help of image-guided techniques like fluoroscopy and ultrasound.
Back pain is one of the major problems faced by most of the older adults in current days. Although incorrect sitting posture is the cause of mild back pain, various other underlying medical conditions can result in chronic back pain that requires medical attention. Chronic back pain is often disturbing and causes difficulty in performing regular work.
Our spine is responsible for body flexibility, and one cannot move without the spinal cord. The nerves that pass through the spinal cord are responsible for the body controlling the body movements. Any disturbance on the spinal nerves can result in mild to extreme back pain.
Stem cell therapy for back pain
Back pain can be acute or chronic, which can be sudden or persistent depending on the underlying problem. The degenerative changes occurring in the spinal structures is one of the major causes of back pain. Also, inactive or sedentary lifestyle, improper posture and obesity can result in lower back pain.
Degenerative intervertebral disc disease is a condition that occurs due to overuse / overload on spine, disc herniation, or disc prolapse. Chronic degenerative conditions require surgery that would need longer recovery and rehabilitation periods. Stem cell therapy is a novel and advanced non-surgical treatment option for degenerative disc conditions.
Stem cell injections for herniated discs
Herniated disc or ruptured disc is a condition where the nucleus of disc is pushed out of the annulus that causes a rupture or tear. Herniated discs impart pressure on the spinal nerves, which leads to sharp shooting pain in the back.
Stem cell injections for herniated discs / annular tears is an effective non-surgical alternative for those suffering with a herniated disc. Stem cells that are harvested from the patient’s body are concentrated in the lab and administered into the damaged discs to enhance the body’s own healing capacity. Besides stem cell injections, the growth factors in the form of platelet lysate injections enhance tissue regeneration at the site of the injury.
Minimally invasive treatments for lumbar spine pain
Lumbar spine pain or low back pain occurs due to ligament sprain or muscle strain. It can be due to poor posture, improper lifting or objects or heavy weights, lack of exercise, ruptured disc or arthritis. Conservative treatments for lumbar spine pain can poorly respond to the treatment, which could not subside the pain and numbness in the affected area.
Regenerative stem cell therapy and Platelet lysate therapies help to repair and regrow the healthy tissue in the affected discs & spine. Also, it reduces the pain in the damaged discs and rebuilds the tissue at the cellular level. The autologous stem cell and (Super concentrated platelets) therapies provide pain relief, reduce inflammation at the site of injury and improve the functionality and range of motion in the affected area of the spine.
Foot and ankle
In current days, there are millions of people who complain about foot and ankle problems. Anyone who does a regular household routine to a sportsperson hitting the ground can be a victim of foot and ankle injuries.
Currently, there are various surgical treatment options for the treatment of common foot and ankle injuries, such as ligament tears, damaged cartilage, and fusion of ankle bones. However, all the conservative mode of treatments would require weeks to months for the complete recovery.
Regenerative remedies to avoid surgery
Regenerative therapies are the non-surgical treatment options for addressing a health condition. Non-surgical stem cell and (Super concentrated platelets) therapies are highly effective in the treatment of various orthopedic conditions that include foot and ankle injuries.
A foot and ankle specialist who is an expert in regenerative procedures will perform stem cell treatments and PRP therapy for ankle injuries. Stem cell therapy for foot and ankle conditions avoids the need for elective surgeries that require lengthy recovery and rehabilitation time.
Some of the common foot and ankle issues that stem cell therapy and (Super concentrated platelets) therapy can treat are ankle sprain, Achilles tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, bunions, ankle instability, tarsal tunnel syndrome, and ankle arthritis. When concentrated stem cells or blood platelets are injected into the specific damaged joint structure, the cells work to repair and regrow into a new, healthy tissue at the damaged area.
Stem cell treatment for ankle osteoarthritis
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It causes severe pain and stiffness in the joints. Ankle osteoarthritis causes difficulty in standing, walking, and balancing the foot on the floor. The conservative treatment options available for ankle arthritis, such as pain-relieving medications, anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids injections can provide symptomatic relief that might revert once the medications are discontinued.
Ankle osteoarthritis treatment often remains challenging when it is a conservative mode of treatment. Stem cell therapy for arthritis repairs the damaged cartilage tissue and later helps to regrow the new healthy tissue. The concentrated stem cells injected into the area of the damaged tissue begin to regenerate healthy tissue.
Stem cell therapy to avoid ankle fusion surgery
Stem cell treatments are an effective alternative to ankle fusion surgery. In ankle fusion surgery, multiple screws are used to restrict the motion in the ankle joints. Once the fusion is done, there are chances that the remaining forces act upon elsewhere in the joints that are not fused.
Stem cell procedures involve the collection of the patient’s own stem cells from the bone marrow, which are prepared in the laboratory and injected at the site of damage. Apart from repairing the tissue that is damaged, the stem cells strengthen the surrounding joint structure.
A foot and ankle orthopedic surgeon who specializes in regenerative therapies provides treatment for ankle injuries by employing stem cells and (Super concentrated platelets) therapies.
Hand and wrist
The pain in the hand and wrist often occurs due to the problems, such as sprains, arthritis, tendonitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and other injuries. Also, repetitive stress to the hand can gradually lead to a trauma. Also, any underlying problem in the muscles of the hand, tendons, ligaments, bones, joints, and connective tissue can cause hand pain.
Stem cell therapy is the current breakthrough in providing non-surgical treatment for various musculoskeletal conditions associated with the hand and wrist. Some of the commonly treated hand and wrist conditions by using regenerative procedures are basal joint arthritis, triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear, trigger finger, and carpometacarpal or CMC arthritis.
Stem cell therapy for hand and wrist pain
Any external force or injury to the tendons in hand and wrist can impair the ability to do everyday tasks. High-dose stem cells or platelets are precisely injected into the specific joint structure with the help of image-guided techniques, such as fluoroscopy and ultrasound.
Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is a structure in the wrist that is most prone to the risk of tears. It causes severe pain and instability problems, which worsens when trying to move or bend the wrist. The application of stem cells in the treatment of TFCC tear enables the growth of healthy tissue in the damaged area.
Regenerative treatments for arthritis
Stem cell therapy provides the most desirable results in the treatment of hand and wrist osteoarthritis. Stem cells have an ability to develop into different cell types and can repair and regrow the healthy cartilage in people who have degenerative arthritis. Also, stem cell therapy CMC arthritis treatment with stem cells rebuild the damaged cartilage tissue and improve the mobility of the hand.
The stem cells harvested from the patient’s bone marrow are concentrated in the lab before they are injected back into the patient’s body at the injured site. Depending on the extent of tissue damage, customized concentrations of stem cells are used for the treatment.
For mild problems or tissue damage in the hand and wrist, SCP (Super concentrated platelets) injections are given to regrow the healthy tissue. Also, in some instances, stem cell therapy is followed by injecting blood platelets into the injured area to release growth factors that are essential for quick healing.
Hip structures are brittle and prone to breakage, especially in elderly individuals. Many people with the problems associated with the hip structures experience severe pain and stabbing sensation. Hip pain resulting from hip injuries can be bothersome and challenging to deal without prompt treatment.
Autologous stem cells and blood platelets are used in regenerative therapies and offer a non-surgical treatment option for those who prefer elective surgeries. The mechanism involved in hip stem cell therapy can reduce pain, inflammation, and promote healing. Stem cell therapy for hip pain can repair, replace, and restore the health of the hip joint tissue.
Regenerative stem cells treatments for hip
With current advancements in the medical field and increased researches on cell-based therapies, stem cell therapy has become an ideal way to address hip pain. When cartilage cells are no longer able to regenerate by themselves, the stem cells harvested from the bone marrow are concentrated in the lab for further clinical use. They are reinjected into the damaged part of the hip and regrow the healthy cartilage.
Regenerative non-surgical procedures can address hip problems, such as avascular necrosis / osteonecrosis, bursitis, hip arthritis, labrum tear and other degenerative conditions of the hip. The same-day stem cell injections amplify the body’s natural healing ability and repair the tissues in the problem area.
During the process of stem cell therapy, the physician collects the stem cells from the patient’s bone marrow and prepares or concentrates them in the lab. Such concentrated stem cells are precisely injected into the area of damage by using specialized procedures. The stem cells injected begin to proliferate and repair the damaged tissue from the cellular level.
Stem cell therapy to treat hip arthritis
Hip arthritis is an inflammatory degenerative condition that affects the joints in the hip region. Stem cells are used to treat degenerative conditions like age-related arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition which can affect multiple areas in the hip. The progression of the disease can cause severe pain and stiffness, which makes it difficult for a person to move and do day-to-day work.
Stem cells that are considered as the building blocks of the human tissue have a high potential to repair the damaged tissue and regrow the cartilage in case of hip arthritis. The reparative nature of the stem cells controls the progression of osteoarthritis.
Also, platelet-rich plasma is injected into the injured tissue of the hip to quicken the process of healing. Stem cell therapy, when combined with blood platelets, releases natural growth factors that stimulate the healing process.
Advanced therapies to avoid hip replacement surgery
Hip surgeries can be traumatic and often follow with lengthy recovery periods with so many months of pain and discomfort while trying to move. Also, they might sometimes result in post-treatment side effects and involve a risk of developing complications.
Stem cell therapy is an advanced non-surgical procedure for patients who consider hip replacement surgery as the ultimate treatment option.
Sports medicine is all about the treatment and prevention of sports and exercise injuries. It focuses on recovery from injury to help the sportsperson get back to the field much faster than anticipated. A sports medicine doctor gets specialized training for the treatment of sports injuries and illnesses. Sports injuries often cause severe pain, swelling, and numbness in the injured area.
Conservative methods of treatment for sports injuries include external pain relievers in the form of ointments and sprays, pain medication, anti-inflammatory medicine, placing ice on the injured area and occasionally use of braces. Although most of the sports injuries need not require surgical intervention, internal injuries, such as tendon, cartilage, and ligament tears might require surgery.
Regenerative treatments for sports injuries
Regenerative treatment is a cutting-edge non-surgical treatment alternative for professional athletes who strive to lead an active life. Sports medicine clinics that provide regenerative therapies for sports injuries utilize the patient’s own stem cells and blood platelets in the treatment. So far, some of the high-profile athletes have undergone stem cell procedures for sports-related musculoskeletal injuries.
Stem cells therapy and SCP (Super concentrated platelets) for sports injuries
Cell-based therapies enhance the healing and recovery process without any risks involved in the procedure. Stem cell therapy and SCP (Super concentrated platelets) treatment are provided by orthopedic sports medicine physicians. One makes a visit to the sports medicine healthcare provider when there is a cartilage injury, ankle sprain, elbow pain, tendonitis, and for knee and shoulder injuries.
Sports injuries can occur due to a one-time injury or overuse of a joint. Stem cell therapy and SCP (Super concentrated platelets) therapy give an effective alternative to the sportsperson to surgery and lengthy rehabs. Both stem cell and SCP procedures utilize your own biological materials, which presents a negligible to zero risks of adverse effects or rejection.
Stem cell therapy for sports injuries amplifies the body’s natural healing ability and speeds up the healing and recovery process. Depending on the type of injury, some patients might require an extra series of stem cell injections. Also, the extent of improvement will differ from person to person.